10.24. Tense questions: cu'e

The following cmavo is discussed in this section:

cu'e

CUhE

tense question

There are two main ways to ask questions about tense. The main English tense question words are When? and Where?. These may be paraphrased respectively as At what time? and At what place? In these forms, their Lojban equivalents simply involve a tense plus ma, the Lojban sumti question:

Example 10.179. 

doklamalezdanicama
Yougo-tothehouse[present][what-sumti?].
Yougo-tothehouseatwhat-time?

When do you go to the house?


Example 10.180. 

leverbavimapucadzulebisli
Thechild[short-space][what-sumti?][past]walks-ontheice.
Thechildat/nearwhat-placewalked-ontheice?

Where did the child walk on the ice?


There is also a non-specific tense and modal question, cu'e, belonging to selma'o CUhE. This can be used wherever a tense or modal construct can be used.

Example 10.181. 

lenanmucu'ebatcilegerku
Theman[what-tense?]bitesthedog.

When/Where/How does the man bite the dog?


Possible answers to Example 10.181 might be:

Example 10.182. 

va
[medium-space].

Some ways from here.


Example 10.183. 

puzu
[past]-[long-time].

A long time ago.


Example 10.184. 

vilelunra
[short-space]Themoon.

On the moon.


Example 10.185. 

pu'o
[inchoative]

He hasn't yet done so.


or even the modal reply (from selma'o BAI; see Section 10.1):

Example 10.186. 

seka'alebriju
With-destinationtheoffice.

The only way to combine cu'e with other tense cmavo is through logical connection, which makes a question that pre-specifies some information:

Example 10.187. 

dopuzijecu'esombolegurni
You[past-short]and[when?]sowthegrain?

You sowed the grain a little while ago; when else do you sow it?


Additionally, the logical connective itself can be replaced by a question word:

Example 10.188. 

la.artr.puje'ibanolraitru
That-namedArthur[past][which?][future]is-a-king

Was Arthur a king or will he be?


Answers to Example 10.188 would be logical connectives such as je, meaning both, naje meaning the latter, or jenai meaning the former.