9.11. Mixed modal connection

It is possible to mix logical connection (explained in Chapter 9) with modal connection, in a way that simultaneously asserts the logical connection and the modal relationship. Consider the sentences:

Example 9.74. 

minelcido.ijeminelcila.djein.
Ilikeyou.AndIlikethat-namedJane.

which is a logical connection, and

Example 9.75. 

minelcido.iki'ubominelcila.djein.
Ilikeyou.Justified-byIlikethat-namedJane.

The meanings of Example 9.74 and Example 9.75 can be simultaneously expressed by combining the two compound cmavo, thus:

Example 9.76. 

minelcido.ijeki'ubominelcila.djein.
Ilikeyou.And-justified-byIlikethat-namedJane.

Here the two sentences mi nelci do and mi nelci la .djein. are simultaneously asserted, their logical connection is asserted, and their causal relationship is asserted. The logical connective je comes before the modal ki'u in all such mixed connections.

Since mi nelci do and mi nelci la .djein. differ only in the final sumti, we can transform Example 9.76 into a mixed sumti connection:

Example 9.77. 

minelcido.eki'ubola.djein.
Ilikeyouand/becausethat-namedJane.

Note that this connection is an afterthought one. Mixed connectives are always afterthought; forethought connectives must be either logical or modal.

There are numerous other afterthought logical and non-logical connectives that can have modal information planted within them. For example, a bridi-tail connected version of Example 9.77 would be:

Example 9.78. 

minelcidogi'eki'ubonelcila.djein.
Ilikeyouand/becauselikethat-namedJane.

The following three complex examples all mean the same thing.

Example 9.79. 

mibevriledakli
Icarrythesack.
.ijeseri'abotu'emibevrilegerku
And-[effect](Icarrythedog.
.ijadu'ibomibevrilemlatu[tu'u]
And/or-[equal]Icarrythecat.)

I carry the sack. As a result I carry the dog or I carry the cat, equally.


Example 9.80. 

mibevriledakli
Icarrythesack
gi'eseri'akebevrilegerku
and-[effect](carrythedog
gi'adu'ibobevrilemlatu[ke'e]
and/or-[equal]carrythecat)

I carry the sack and as a result carry the dog or carry the cat equally.


Example 9.81. 

mibevriledakli
Icarrythesack
.eseri'akelegerku
and-[effect](thedog
.adu'ibolemlatu[ke'e]
and/or-[equal]thecat)

I carry the sack, and as a result the cat or the dog equally.


In Example 9.79, the tu'etu'u brackets are the equivalent of the keke'e brackets in Example 9.80 and Example 9.81, because keke'e cannot extend across more than one sentence. It would also be possible to change the .ijeseri'abo to .ije seri'a, which would show that the tu'etu'u portion was an effect, but would not pin down the mi bevri le dakli portion as the cause. It is legal for a modal (or a tense; see Chapter 9) to modify the whole of a tu'etu'u construct.

Note: The uses of modals discussed in this section are applicable both to BAI modals and to fi'o-plus-selbri modals.