2.12. The sumti di'u and la'e di'u

In English, I might say The dog is beautiful, and you might reply This pleases me. How do you know what this refers to? Lojban uses different expressions to convey the possible meanings of the English:

Example 2.51. 

lo gerku

[ku]

cu

melbi

The dog is beautiful.


The following three sentences all might translate as This pleases me.

Example 2.52. 

ti

[cu]

pluka

mi

This (the dog) pleases me.


Example 2.53. 

di'u

[cu]

pluka

mi

This (the last sentence) pleases me (perhaps because it is grammatical or sounds nice).


Example 2.54. 

la'e di'u

[cu]

pluka

mi

This (the meaning of the last sentence; i.e. that the dog is beautiful) pleases me.


Example 2.54 uses one sumti to point to or refer to another by inference.